How can I assign a value that is either zero or one (0,1) to a CVX variable?

for instance:

cvx_begin

variable theta(i,j);

maximize (theta.*obj(i,j));

0 <= theta <= 1;

cvx_end

# How to assign values to CVX variable

**soekwe**(Stephen Ekwe) #1

**Mark_L_Stone**(Mark L. Stone) #2

Use the binary keyword in your variable declaration. Then there is no need for 0 <= theta <= 1 .

**soekwe**(Stephen Ekwe) #3

CVX sees theta as an affine expression, hence when obj is concave, the product of obj and theta disobeys the DCP rule. Actually, theta is meant to be an indicator variable of either 1 or 0.

**Mark_L_Stone**(Mark L. Stone) #4

theta is meant to be an indicator variable of either 1 or 0.

That is what binary does.

As to any errors you are receiving, you are not showing your entire program. I don’t know what obj(i,j) is. Your objective function needs to evaluate to a real scalar, which it doesn’t unless i = j = 1.

**soekwe**(Stephen Ekwe) #5

Thank you very much for your timely response. I have done as advised and have the error message shown below.

i = j = 4;

cvx_begin

cvx_solver Mosek

cvx_precision BEST

variables P(i,j)

variables theta binary

maximize (sum(sum(theta.*RATE)));

sum(theta.*P) <= Pmax

cvx_end

Disciplined convex programming error:

Cannot perform the operation: {real affine} .* {concave}

Error in BETA_TEST01 (line 102)

maximize (sum(sum(theta.*RATE)));

`PS: where RATE is cvx concave expression (4x4 matrix)`

**Mark_L_Stone**(Mark L. Stone) #6

i = j = 4; is not legal in MATLAB.

What is RATE ? You must not be showing everything, because CVX thinks it is concave, rather than a constant (MATLAB variable).

sum(theta.*P) <= Pmax won’t be valid, either.