I want find a positive semi-definite matrix whose maximum eigen value is maximized, subjected to diagonal entries begin 1 and some entries constrained to zero.

I’m getting an exception:

*Disciplined convex programming error:*

Cannot maximize a(n) convex expression.

Below is my code:

```
cvx_begin sdp
variable Z(n,n) symmetric
maximize (lambda_max(Z))
subject to
Z == semidefinite( n );
for i=1:n
Z(i,i)==1;
end
Z(1,2)==0;
Z(2,1)==0;
Z(3,4)==0;
Z(4,3)==0;
cvx_end
```

Thanks you.

As clearly stated in the CVX User’s Guide, lambda_max is convex. Given that you are trying to maximize a convex objective function, which is equivalent to minimizing a concave objective function, and your constraints are convex, your optimization problem is a (non-convex) concave programming problem, and hence can not be solved using CVX.

This can be a difficult problem to solve, and especially to provable global optimality. The non-smoothness of eigenvalue at eigenvalues with multiplicity > 1 can add to the challenge. Nevertheless, you might have success using something like a Quasi-Newton algorithm with SR1 updating (not constraining Hessian to be positive semi-definite). Having good starting values will help.